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Islamic viewpoint on Women’s share in inheritance

March 28, 2009 By: Mohammad Rafique Etsame Category: Other Profile

Some people are of the opinion that the share of woman is equal but in some cases it is double than that of man. But, according to them, theulama and late Allama Iqbal were confused about the share of woman. They say that this misunderstanding is based on the wrong interpretation of of the Quranic injunction of the subject but it is so common that even the great scholars believe in it. Allama Iqbal, as will be shown in the following lines was one of them. It is due to this misunderstanding the women are still treated as half citizens in the society.

However, I have a different point of view about it .Because the share of woman in Islamic law of inheritance is not mentioned in that she is a “mere woman”. But as she is a daughter, sister, mother or wife, so her shares are also different then that of man according to her status. For example, if she is’

(1) A daughter or sister, her share is one-half of the son.

(2) If sheis a mother, then her share is equal to man (her husband).

(3) If she has no son, then her share is one third i.e. double then that of her former share.

So, the shares of woman are prescribed in different ways in the Islamic laws of inheritance according to her status. To say that the ulama and late Allama Iqbal were confused in this issue, is the claim having no base. Islam bestows respect, grace and honour to the Muslim women and also gives an equal status than that of man.

As regards her half share in inheritance (in some cases) or her status as half witness, these are the issues of Islamic jurisprudence. And women cannot be seen as disgrace or one-half a man on such a base.

Bribery, a social curse

March 27, 2009 By: Mohammad Rafique Etsame Category: Other Profile

Pakistan was founded in the name of Islam. Numerous sacrifices were offered to enforce an Islamic system in this country, but regretfully after passing such a long period, “the dream” has not become true yet. Social evils like killing, dacoity, sabotage and bribery etc, are tightening their grips over society. Particularly bribery, has laid its roots deeply like cancer. It has spread so much that the society “is rotten from top to bottom”. Any purpose, lawful or not, can be served by it. Usually, it is known as “chaey paney”. It opens the way t o all the successes and sweeps away all obstacles. According to the Islamic point of view, bribery is such a disgusting t thing and much has been said about it in the Holy Quran and in the sayings of t he Holy Prophet (PBUH) Allah ordains, “and eat not up your property among yourselves in vanity, nor seek by it to gain the hearing of t he judges that ye may knowingly devour a portion of t he property of others wrongfully.”(The Cow: 188) and Says “O ye who believe squander not your wealth among yourselves in vanity, except it be a trade by mutual consent and kill not one another. Lo! Allah is ever Merciful unto you.”(Women: 29)
The Holy Prophet (PBUH) said that the giver and the recipient of bribery would be thrown unto the Hell,(Bokhari, Muslim). These verses are a censure of all unlawful methods to earn money and to gain justice in one’s favor by giving bribes. Unfortunately we see t he authorities are also involved in accepting bribes and disturb the state of peace and equity while it is their duty to restore peace in the society.
To ask for a post is prohibited except for them who pay their dues and duties honestly. History reveals that great Muslim jurists like Imam Abu Hanifa and Shafie etc., rejected the posts of “the Chief justice” offered by the
Abbasid Caliphs, fearing that they may not carry out their duties carefully. They were quite fit for these posts. But now-a-days the boot is on the other foot because hard struggles are made to gain a post, using all unlawful methods i.e., giving “chaey paney” or influence etc.
This is particularly true during election days; every candidate tries his best to gain votes by hook or by crock. He proclaims himself an honest and very dutiful person who is extremely anxious to solve people’s problems and “the sense of responsibility never lets him go to sleep. But after being selected, all these fair qualities blow in the air and now, he is a candidate of chaey paney. Because first he has to compensate the “loss” suffered in the election and then to earn “Allah ka fazal”. Due to this corruption, we see that t he state of peace and justice has been disturbed and numerous terriblecri me are spreading in society.
So, it is a need of the time to launch a campaign against such elements who disturb the state of peace by accepting bribers.

A Glorious Friendship

March 27, 2009 By: Mohammad Rafique Etsame Category: Other Profile

A few days ago an advertisement published in an English daily t hat a beautiful, slim and alluring girl needed to live with the advertiser mere as “friend” as long as she wanted. And when she feels saturated, she can separate herself from him without any problem.

No doubt it is a first advertisement in its kind in Pakistan, because to live as “friends” without wedding is only the concept of the Western civilization. Many boys and girls live together as “glorious couple friends” there. Actually, they are of the opinion that “when fresh milk available daily on the door; why need to have ‘buffalo’ at home? So, following the footprints of them, as liberal-minded class in our country also want to live as glorious friends. They, infect, want to cut the chains of “outmoded customs and usages” of the religion and the society. When their parents check their behavior, they reply as to not interfere with their “personal affairs”

It is my request of the liberal-minded class to see also the” bright aspect” of the Western civilization. As there is no peace and security in the marital life. Wrangle and divorce is the daily practice, No sincerity, devotion and faithfulness but just a mechanical smile.

On the other hand, Islam presents a peaceful family system. Both husband and wife have their rights and duties and enjoy their rights; the home becomes a model of the paradise where love, affection and peace grow everywhere. There exists a real glorious friendship between them.

Islamic viewpoint on nail polish

March 24, 2009 By: Mohammad Rafique Etsame Category: Other Profile

By Muhammad rafique etesame

It is a burning question among the people whether the ablution and bath (Ghusl-e-Janabat) of woman who uses nail polish are accurate in the light of Shariah or not? Ulama’s unanimous verdict in this issue is that t hey are both erroneous until it removed. Fashionable class totally reject this verdict and consider it a “fatwa of so-called Islamic Scholars.” In this regard some questions are raised as:-

(1) If a woman uses nail polish after making ablution, the ablution of her nails becomes safe under the nail polish. In case  renewal of her ablution, if she does not wash her nails again whether her ablution  is complete or not?

(2)Men who use hair-dye or women use “Hina” (A shrub which leaves are used for dying of hands or hair )whether their ablution and bath are also accurate or not? Because it makes also a mask on the hair like nail polish etc.

It is then necessary to explain this issue in the light of the Holy Qur’an and Sunnah of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) so that misunderstandings about it might be removed.

Fundamental cause of inaccuracy of ablution and bath after using nail polish is that it makes such a surface on the nails that water cannot be pass  through it and they remain dry.

So the part which is obliged to wash in’voozo and ghusal’ left dry. There are four obligations in the ablution proved by the Quran. Almighty Allah Says, “O ye who believe! When you rise up for prayer, wash your faces, and your hands up to the elbows, and lightly rub your heads and (wash) your feet up the ankles.(Almaedah:660) So in case  using nail polish, the second obligation i.e.to wash hands up to the elbows cannot be performed utterly due to covering of the nails by nail polish. Same situation is in ‘ghusl-e-janabat’(Obligatory bath)

Because it is necessary to wash the whole body that even a single hair should not be left dry otherwise ‘bath’ will be inaccurate because of using nail polish. As regards the safety of ablution under the nail polish after ablution, so it is quite base less because when the ablution breaks, it breaks  completely not partly. Reason is that the ‘nijasat’ (filthy) is of two categories as mention in the authentic books of Islamic jurisprudence as ’hukmi and ‘Haqiq’(factual and infallible). (Hidaya, Kabiri, Shami) Nijasat-e-Haqiqi’ is visible like urine, excrement etc, and ‘Nijasat-i-Hukmi’ is invisible  but is considered as unclean. For example, In ‘ghusle jnabat’ “nijasat attaches on a specific part of the body but it is necessary to wash the whole body because the specific part of it unclean yet under the ‘nijasat-e-Hukmi! Same situation is in ablution. Although nails are quite clean under the nails polish but are unclean under the above mentioned ‘nijasat,(Filthy) so washable.

As regards  the hair-dye and ’Hina’  they are quite different from the nail polish. Because it does not make any permanent surface on the nails that can be scrapped by knife etc., so it does not  make any fault in ablution and bath.

The Holy Prophet (PBUH) also used ‘khizab ‘(hair-dye) as mentioned in the ahadith. It is narrated by hazrat Abu hurarah (God be pleased with him) that the Holy prophet (PBUH) used ’khizab’. (Shamile Tirmazi) Hazrat Anas also reported that he had seen the hair-dye of Rasul-Allah (PBUH) . So the question is: whether the ablution and bath of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) by using hair-dye were accurate or not? (Surely they were accurate.)

Another aspect of this issue is that the nail polish is used according to the color-matching of dress. When dress is changed, the nail polish is also changed by removing lotion. When it is removed for color-matching, then why it should not be removed for cleanliness and purity?