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Different kinds of Charity

September 26, 2011 By: Mohammad Rafique Etsame Category: Current Islamic Articles

The difference between ongoing charity (sadaqah jaariyah) and other kinds of charity

Question:

Peace be upon you and the mercy of Allaah and his blessings. May Allaah reward you with good on behalf of Islam and the Muslims. Is there any difference between charity and ongoing charity? If there is a difference, we would like to know some examples of charity and some examples of ongoing charity. If an ongoing charity is destroyed – such as if a man builds a mosque then this mosque is destroyed – will he have the reward of that mosque until the Day of Resurrection? May Allaah reward you with good.

Answer:
Praise be to Allaah.  

Ongoing charity is the waqf (“Islamic endowment”) which may take many forms. The definition of a waqf is that the origin is “frozen” and the fruits are donated for the sake of Allaah, as was narrated by al-Bukhaari (2737) and Muslim (1633) from Ibn ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him), that ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab (may Allaah be pleased with him) was given a share of land at Khaybar. He came to the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and asked him what he should do with it. He said: “O Messenger of Allaah, I have been given a share of land at Khaybar and I have never been given any wealth that is more precious to me than it. What do you command me to do with it?” He said: “If you wish, you can ‘freeze’ it and give it in charity.” So ‘Umar gave it in charity and stipulated that it was not to be sold, given as a gift or inherited, and he gave it in charity to the poor, relatives and slaves, for the sake of Allaah and for wayfarers and guests; there was no sin on the one appointed to look after it if he ate from it on a reasonable basis, and fed others without storing anything for the future.” 

Ibn Maajah (242) narrated that Abu Hurayrah said: “The good deeds that will reach a believer after his death are: knowledge which he learned and then spread; a righteous son whom he leaves behind; a copy of the Qur’aan that he leaves as a legacy; a mosque that he built; a house that he built for wayfarers; a canal that he dug; or charity that he gave during his lifetime when he was in good health. These deeds will reach him after his death.” This hadeeth hwas classed as hasan by al-Albaani in Saheeh Ibn Maajah

Ongoing charity may mean building a mosque, buying Mushafs (copies of the Qur’aan) to be placed in the mosque, or designating a house or a place as a waqf so that its income is spent on the poor, orphans, relatives, seekers of knowledge or others as stipulated by the one who establishes the waqf, or donating money to build a charitable hospital, and so on. 

With regard to charity that is not ongoing, this is charity in which the thing given is not “frozen”, rather it is given to the poor to become his property and be made use of however he wishes, such as giving him money, food, clothing, medicine or furniture. 

If a person establishes a mosque as a waqf, then it is destroyed or falls down, it is permissible to sell part of it in order to renovate the rest. If it is not possible to make use of any part of it, then the whole thing may be sold and the money donated to another waqf. Ibn Qudaamah (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: “If a waqf is destroyed and nothing is left of it, it may be sold and the money used to buy something to be given back to the people in charge of the waqf, and it should be made a waqf like the first one was. The same applies to a horse kept for jihad, if it is no longer fit for fighting, it should be sold and the money used to buy another one that is fit for jihad. What we conclude from this is that if a waqf is destroyed and is no longer of any use, such as a house that collapses or land that is ruined and becomes dead and no longer fit for cultivation, or a mosque from which the people move away, and is now in a place where people do not pray, or it becomes too small for the people and cannot accommodate them all, or it falls into disrepair, and it cannot be maintained except by selling part of it, then it is permissible to sell part of it in order to take care of the maintenance of the rest of it. If it is not possible to use any part of it, then the whole thing may be sold. Ahmad said, according to a report narrated by Abu Dawood: if there are two pieces of wood in the mosque which are of some value, it is permissible to sell them and spend the money raised on the mosque. According to a report narrated by Saalih: the mosque may be removed to another location if there is the fear of it being robbed or if the location is in a filthy area. Al-Qaadi said: i.e., if that prevents people from praying there. And he stated that it is permissible to sell its courtyard, according to a report narrated by ‘Abd-Allaah. The imam should give testimony to that effect (i.e., that these changes are necessary)

From al-Mughni, 5/368.

 So long as the waqf is still in existence, the reward for its founder will be ongoing; the same is also true if the original waqf is sold and the money put into a new waqf. Whoever builds a mosque will have the reward promised for that. This is what is narrated in the words of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him): “Whoever builds a mosque for the sake of Allaah, even if it is like the nest of a sand grouse, Allaah will build for him a house in Paradise.” The hadeeth gives an example of building the smallest thing possible. Narrated by Ahmad, 2157; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jaami’. And Allaah knows best .

(From “IslamWay Radio” with thanks)

 

Offering Prayer in the Grave

September 15, 2011 By: Mohammad Rafique Etsame Category: Current Islamic Articles

Muhammad Rafique Etesame
According to the Hadith, when a man put in the grave, he becomes alive by the purgatory life, then two Angels “Munkar and Nakir” come in the grave at once and ask him three questions as:-
(1)    What is your Lord (Rab) ?
(2)    What is your Prophet (PBUH)?
(3)    What is your Religion (way of worship)?
If he is a true Muslim, he replies that ,” Allah is my Lord, and Muhammad is my Prophet (PBUH) , and Islam is my religion. Then the angels open a window from Hell, and say,” if your questions had been wrong, your place would have been Hell. But it did not so, so now your place is Paradise. Then the Angels open a window from Paradise and say “take a sound sleep, there is no grief and pain for you at all. And, on the other hand, the man who is not a Muslim, he answers to every question that,
” I do not know who my Lord is and who is my Prophet, and who is my way of worship”? Then the Angels open a window from Paradise and say to him.” If your questions had been right, then your place would have been Paradise.” Then they open a window from Hell and hot air blow from it  and various type of punishment and torments set over him.
Religious scholars say that when a faithful believer put in the grave and “Munkar Nakeer” come to asking three questions, he saw the time of Asar prayer. So he says to the Angels that he will first offer Asar prayer then he will answer the questions. The Angels say to him,” O man! It is not just your worldly life, but it is your life after death, and this is the place where you will get the reward of your deeds good or bad”. But the Muslim insists to offer prayer first. So the Angels go back to Allah Almighty and inform Him  about the incident took place in the grave. Allah Subhanhu wa Ta’ala Says ,” it is my slave that no any business or other matters could stop him to establish Slat for five times daily. Even now he imagines that it is the time of Slat. So I have forgiven all his sins and faults” Then the angles return back and open  a window from Paradise in his grave and he enjoys a sound sleep till the Day of Resurrection. May Allah Almighty give us “Taufeeq” to establish  Slat five times daily Aameen!

Qabar mein Namaz

September 12, 2011 By: Mohammad Rafique Etsame Category: Current Islamic Articles

 

The Prophet’s Way of Life, His Sunnah & Teachings

September 04, 2011 By: Mohammad Rafique Etsame Category: Uncategorized

The Idea is, to put in our hearts, the Holy Prophet Mohammad’s (SAWS) morals & habits so that we may love him more & more & be motivated to follow his habits & Sunnah ( or traditions & life-example).

1.Quran( 68:4 ) “And Lo ! you are of tremendous nature”.

2.Quran( 9:128 ) “There has come to you a messenger, (one) of yourselves, unto whom aught that you are overburdened is grievous, full of concern for you, for the believers full of pity, merciful”.

3.Quran ( 33:53 ) “….Lo ! that would cause annoyance to the Prophet, & he would be shy of (asking) you (to go); but Allah is not shy of the truth”.

The shyness was in personal matters but not in the preaching of Allah’s orders.

4.Hadith: (According to Anas): “I served the Prophet Mohammad  (SAWS) (and his family) for ten years. (During these 10 years) he (was never cross and) never said even oh ! and never asked as to why I did this or didn’t do that (Bukhari & Muslim). Look at the tolerance, kindness, compassion & forgiveness.

5.Hadith: In another tradition, Anas reported walking with the Prophet Mohammad (SAWS) who was then wearing an outer garment made in Najran. He met a villager ( or “Badawi”) who held his outer garment and pulled him very close and then said: “O Mohammad ! Give me from what  Allah has given you for this property”. The Holy Prophet looked at him, smiled and issued an order for him. (Bukhari & Muslim).

6.Hadith: (According to Anas): “The Holy Prophet Mohammad (SAWS) was the best behaved & mannered of all. One day he sent me somewhere with some business. Anas said, “I won’t go” but did intend to go there. (This is because he was only a child). I came to the market (on my way) and passed thought some playing children. Suddenly, the Prophet Mohammad (SAWS) appeared from behind me and help me by the neck. I looked behind and he was smiling. He said, “You are going where I told you to go”. I said, “Yes O Prophet Mohammad (SAWS) ! I’m going”.

7.Hadith: (According to Jabir) : “The Holy Prophet Mohammad (SAWS) never refused a request. If he had it, he gave it. If he did not have it then he expressed his apology & promised to give in the future. (Bukhari & Muslim).

8.Hadith: (According to Anas): A man asked for goats from the Holy Prophet Mohammad (SAWS) (that were his) and were there between two mountains. He gave him all of them. The man came to his people and asked them to become Muslim. He said, “By God. Prophet Mohammad (SAWS) gives his people a lot & is not bothered by giving away all or everything. (Muslim).

9.Hadith: (According to Jubair bin M’atam): He was with the Holy Prophet Mohammad (SAWS) when the latter was returning from Hunain. The villagers held him and kept on begging. They pushed him to a (thorny) tree and pulled away his (outer) garment. He stood there saying, “Give back my garment. If I now had as many camels as these trees, I would have distributed all of them among you. You won’t find me miser, liar or little at heart”. (Bukhari)

10.Hadith: (According to Anas): “After the morning (or Fajr) prayer the slaves or servants of the people of Madinah (or medina) used to present their containers of water for the Prophet Mohammad’s (SAWS) blessing. Even in a cold morning, he used to touch the water. (Muslim)

11.Hadith: (According to Anas):  The Holy Prophet Mohammad (SAWS) never lost temper nor sweared. If he didn’t like something, he would say, “What is the matter with him ? Let there be dust on his forehead” which is of no harm. If  this meant “sajdah” or prostration in the prayer then it is a prayer for becoming a praying man and prayer presents from evil and wicked things. So this is a prayer for reform.

12.Hadith: (According to Abu Saeed Khudri): The Holy Prophet Mohammad (SAWS) was more shy & modest man than a virgin lady. If he did not like something ( he may not say so ) but he could see the effect of disliking on his face. (Bukhari & Muslim).

13.Hadith: (According to Aswad): was asked lady, Aaishah about the activities of the Holy Prophet Mohammad (SAWS) at home. She told him that he was occupied with them in the household work.  (Bukhari).

14.Hadith: (According to Lady Aaishah): “The Holy Prophet Mohammad (SAWS) used to tie knots & repair his shoes, sow his clothes, and do all such household works just like an average person among you does”. And he said, “he was one of the human beings (who did not live like a boss or lord at home). He would check for lice on his clothes (that they may not have come from someone else). He would milk the goat, do other household works as well as his personal work”. (Trimizi)

15.Hadith: (According to Lady Aaishah): The Holy Prophet Mohammad (SAWS) never  beat (or battered) anyone, neither a women nor a servant. But the Holy war of defense was an exception. He never took revenge and always forgave those who caused him trouble or harm. But when an Islamic law was broken (or “Haram” was committed) then he would do justice and give punishment according to law (or Shari’ah) (Muslim).

16.Hadith: (According to Anas): I was eight years of age when I became the Holy Prophet Mohammad’s (SAWS) servant and served him for 10 years. He never rebuked me even when I broke or damaged something. If his family said something strong, then he would tell them leave it & to forget about it. Whatever Allah has destined will happen”.

17.Hadith: (According to Anas):  I know the Holy Prophet Mohammad (SAWS) used to console & comfort the sick, & accompany the funeral procession. (Ibne Majah & Behiqi)

18.Hadith: (According to Anas): Whenever the Holy Prophet Mohammad (SAWS) shook hands with someone he would not pull out his hands until the other person did so. And he would not remove his attention from a person unless he did so (first). When he sat in a row, he did not put his legs beyond others. And he was not seen extending his legs in front of anyone. (Trimizi)

19.Hadith: (According to Companion Ali, as narrated by his son Imam Hussain): When the Holy Prophet Mohammad (SAWS) retired to his home, he would divide his stay there in three parts: one for worshipping Allah, one for his family, and one for himself. The last part he used to spend with his special companions (or Sahabah) so that the general public could benefit through them. Here, He favored with his company the (more) knowledgeable & their pious and spent his time with them according to their religious ranks & needs (that could be one or two or more). He spent his time with them & kept them occupied in such things as were good for them & the Muslim community, for example enquiring (and learning) the Islamic law or giving suitable & pertinent information. Everybody went there to learn & come out with food & guidance. This was the Prophet Mohammad (SAWS) special “majlis” or audience at his residence (Shamaile Trimizi). Hussain then asked his father concerning the Prophet Mohammad’s (SAWS) behaviors (when outside the home) among his companions. Hazarat Ali (RA) told, The Holy Prophet Mohammad (SAWS) was always polite, kind & merciful. People did not quarrel among themselves before him. When somebody talked to him, he would listen quietly until completion. He exercised patience when a rude or bad-mannered strange asked or said something. He did not stop a conversation so long as it did not exceed the limits (of Shari’ah). Otherwise, he would change the topic or stop him or leave the scene. This was the Prophet Mohammad’s  (SAWS) general “majlis” or audience with his friends (Shamaile Tirmizi).

20.Hadith: (According to Abu Hurairah): Once the Holy Prophet Mohammad (SAWS) was asked to curse the polytheists. He replied, “I’m not sent to curse buy only as a merciful (to all nations)” (Muslim). He prayed even for his enemies. Seeking Allah’s protection against one’s enemies is a different matter & is also a prayer.

21.Hadith: (According to Lady ‘Aaishah): In the story of Taif, the Holy Prophet Mohammad (SAWS) suffered more than in the battle of U’had  from his enemies, the polytheists. The arch angel Gabriel came with the angel in charge of the mountains who saluted the Prophet Mohammad (SAWS) and said “O Mohammad ! I’m the angle of the mountains. Allah has sent me to obey your orders. If you wish, I can bring the two mountains together & cause them to die in between”. But the Prophet Mohammad (SAWS) said, “No  ! I’m hoping that Allah may produce from their progeny (Muslims) who work ship Allah alone & who do not make partners with Allah”. The Prophet Mohammad (SAWS) was right & all the people of Tai (and Arabia) are Muslims now, thanks to Almighty God & His compassionate Prophet.

22.Hadith: (According to Ali): In a long story, there is mention of Jew in Medina who had loaned some money to Holy Prophet Mohammad (SAWS). Once the Jew harassed & did not let the Prophet Mohammad (SAWS) go home from the mosque for “Zuhar” or after-noon prayer till next day. The people were angry but the Prophet Mohammad (SAWS) forbade any transgression. The next day, the Jew declared his Islam & recited the Holy Kalimah (of shahadat) & admitted that he was only testing him & found him exactly as was foretold in the Torah (Old Testament of Bible). (Behiqi & Mishkat)

(from” IslamicSites.com” with thanks)